Category Archives: Key concepts

Key concepts

LiST: Lives Saved Tool

Impact on mortality and stunting is calculated by the Lives Saved Tool, (LiST). A consortium of academic and international organizations, led by Institute of International Programs at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School, and supported by a Gates Foundation grant to the US Fund for UNICEF, has developed this tool to estimate the impact of scaling-up …

Key concepts Scenario Analysis

Enabling Environment

The enabling environment is understood mainly as a key determinant of status and changes in bottlenecks, and therefor effective coverage. Following UNICEF’s general Monitoring Results for Equity System (MORES) framework the enabling environment is analyzed through 4 main components. For each of this components we selected indicators based on globally available and validated data, with …

Key concepts Scenario Analysis Situational Analysis

Service Delivery Mode

The service delivery mode is one of three levels of the health system: 1) Family care (community) practices–interventions delivered at the level of the household or community, by individuals themselves or through community health workers and health extension workers. 2) Preventive (schedulable) services— preventive interventions that are delivered on a set schedule through primary care …

Key concepts Scenario Analysis Situational Analysis

Intervention Package

Interventions are groupings of health interventions according to the type of service, target population and disease or condition they address. There are 9 intervention packages associated with EQUIST: neonatal & infant care, immunization plus, environmental safety, antenatal care, IMNCI, delivery by a skilled professional, water/sanitation/hygiene (WASH), EMONC, and family planning.

Key concepts Scenario Analysis Scenario Comparison

Excess Deaths

Excess deaths are deaths occurring in disadvantaged populations that are due to the lower effective coverage of interventions compared to the least disadvantaged population in the country. In other words, the number of lives that could be saved by bringing the levels of intervention coverage in the disadvantaged populations to the same levels as the least …

Key concepts Scenario Analysis Situational Analysis

Disadvantaged Population

We defined the “most disadvantaged” in each country to be anyone that is below a given threshold. Figure 2: Country Typology based on inequality of DALYs between quintiles, and severity of inequity between most and least disadvantaged groups. Based on an analysis of 54 countries from different regions, the graphs above show the distribution of …

Key concepts Scenario Analysis

Bottleneck severity

The bottleneck severity is the relative importance of any given bottleneck as a constraining factor of effective coverage. In EQUIST, the severity of a bottleneck is measured as the relative (%) drop between two consecutive coverage determinants.

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Key concepts Scenario Analysis

Bottleneck Analysis

The bottleneck analysis is a systematic approach to assess which bottlenecks are constraining the coverage of health interventions, and to identify their causes and select operational strategies to address these bottlenecks. Often this analysis is aided by comparing the coverage determinants for health interventions.