Situational Analysis

Situational Analysis: Profile

This module is expected to provide an overview of:

  1. The key driver(s) of inequity – the underlying factors that are behind inequities for health and nutrition outcomes and for coverage of evidence based and high impact interventions– i.e. Is inequity explained mostly by geographical differences? Is it better explained by differences in wealth? Residence? Provinces?
  2. The extent of deprivation: If, say, wealth is identified as then main driver of inequity- Is deprivation mostly concentrated mostly in the poorest quintile? Does it affect the 4 poorest quintiles?

The “population profile” is an interactive feature that allows users to produce bar charts of different demographic parameters, health outcomes and coverage of key packages by various stratifiers available in original data sources: it examines under-five mortality, neonatal mortality and malnutrition status of children through different variables. To start to look at the population profile, first select a dataset from which to conduct the analysis: the two most recent DHS or MICS have been pre-loaded in the EQUIST tool. Select the year you like to conduct your analysis.

Once you select a time period, the source of data (compiled and validated by the expert group during the customization process) for that particular period will appear in the right bottom corner of the generated chart.

The default analysis is for “under-five” mortality rate by quintile will look like this:


To view other variables in the population analysis, select an analysis indicator for that particular year. You can look at the population analysis via two variables:

  1. Sector
  2. Theme
  1. Sector: Instead of viewing the situational analysis by demographic indicators or by epidemiological indicators, you may wish to choose one of the sub-indicators for “Sector”. This indicator is further broken down into sub-indicators[1]
  2. Theme: Additionally, you may want to conduct the situation analysis by “Theme”. Theme is further broken into 3 indicators, and associated sub-indicators[1]:
    1. Service delivery mode
      • Community
      • Schedulable
      • Clinical
    2. Package
      • IMNCI
      • WASH
      • Environmental safety
      • Neonatal & infant care
      • Family planning
      • Antenatal care
      • Immunization plus
      • Delivery by skilled professional
      • EMONC
    3. Intervention

[1] A full list of these indicators is available in Annex II


Indicator Metadata

This section provides information regarding country specific metadata for a particular indicator based on specific sources. Clicking on (i) icon will populate metadata associated with each indicator.

Metadata_1                          Metadata_2

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